Free Friendship Foundation and Mate Selection in the US and Japan Annotated Bibliography Sample

Published: 2021-06-18 05:10:31
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Category: Education, Relationships, Communication

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This article examines the difference between communication strategies in Japan and in the United States. The author’s goal is to assess the difference when people from Japan and people from the United States want to create friendships and marriages. Topic choice was determined to be of importance to both cultures.
The conclusion of the study will be useful in my research because it reveals that when both parties are better informed about the differences between topic choices in the United States versus Japan then the parties are able to make better communication strategy choices.
Richmond, V. P. (December 07, 1987). Affinity-Seeking Communication in Collegiate Female-Male Relationships. Communication Quarterly, 35, 4, 334-48.
This article studies differential preferences as a function of a participant’s sex when there is a probability of affinity-seeking tactics being used by college students. The author demonstrates that there are discrete variations between tactics used by males and tactics used by females. The probability is that when people are trying to attract the opposite sex they use tactics that reveal their own inclinations.
In my project I will be able to use the information in this article as it pertains to the two theories presented. The article examines the problems of describing cross gender dyads in terms of affinity-seeking relationships.
Samter, W., & Burleson, B. (August 01, 2005). The Role of Communication in Same-Sex Friendships: A Comparison among African Americans, Asian Americans, and European Americans. Communication Quarterly, 53, 3, 265-283.
The sample used in this study consisted of seventy-two Asian American respondents, fifty African American respondents, and fifty-five European American respondents. The respondents were given a Communication Functions Questionnaire designed by the author in order to gather data about the difference between affectively oriented communication and instrumentally oriented communication by African Americans, Asian Americans, and European Americans.
In my project I will incorporate the results of the discussion in this article about the differences in friendships between African Americans, Asian Americans, and European Americans. The goal was to determine if affectively oriented forms of communication are given the same amount of significance in all of the friendship relationships.
Santilli, V., & Miller, A. N. (February 01, 2011). The Effects of Gender and Power Distance on Nonverbal Immediacy in Symmetrical and Asymmetrical Power Conditions: A Cross-Cultural Study of Classrooms and Friendships. Journal of International and Intercultural Communication, 4, 1, 3-22.
This article is the result of a study that evaluated the relationship between gender, relational power, and nonverbal immediacy in the United States, Kenya, and Brazil. The study used a sample of five-hundred and eight students who answered questionnaire about nonverbal immediacy in terms of their relationships with their best friend in order to determine the function of nonverbal immediacy in a symmetrical power condition. The same sample answered the same questions in regards to their relationship with an instructor in order to assess nonverbal immediacy in an asymmetrical power condition.
I will be able to use the findings of the study in my research to discuss how females observe nonverbal immediacy more frequently than males in the United States, Kenya, and Brazil. Additionally, the information about how relationships in which there existed a symmetrical power condition, females were observed to have made use of nonverbal immediacy more often than males. While in relationships in which there existed an asymmetrical power condition there was no noted difference between females and males.
Theiss, J. A., & Nagy, M. E. (March 01, 2013). A Relational Turbulence Model of Partner Responsiveness and Relationship Talk Across Cultures. Western Journal of Communication, 77, 2, 186-209.
The study indicates that there exists relational uncertainty and intrusion when people are being viewed as partners. A relationship between a South Korean and an American was examined in terms of responses predicted in a romantic relationship. The total sample included one-hundred and thirty-eight respondents from South Korea and one-hundred and fifty-six respondents from the United States for a total sample of two-hundred and ninety-four respondents.
This article is useful in my research about cultural differences that may occur when interpersonal relationships are not stable. Because this author examines the relational turbulence model in order to classify the features of romantic relationships in order to project how talk strategies in relationships differs between cultures it is a useful study.

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